You can create aliases for a method and variable name in ruby. This can be helpful if you want to override the behavior of some method without changing the origin implementation of it.
alias_method take a
new_name as a copy name of the
old_name and it has the following syntax.
alias_method (new_name, old_name)
A small example:
class Davi def capital puts "Karaz-a-Karak" end alias_method :orig_capital, :capital def capital puts "Karaz-a-Karak rebuild" orig_capital end end davi = Davi.new davi.capital # output "Karaz-a-Karak rebuild" "Karaz-a-Karak"
What is the difference between
Alias will looks at the value of self lexically where the aliased keyword lies.
Alias_method use the value of self during runtime which may be a subclass where the call is lexically located. Consider the following example to understand what I mean:
class A def self.swap alias bar foo end def foo; "A foo"; end end class B < A def foo; "B foo"; end swap end puts B.new.bar # => "A foo" class Y def self.swap alias_method :bar, :foo end def foo; "Y foo"; end end class Z < Y def foo; "Z foo"; end swap end puts Z.new.bar # => "Z foo"
It is possible with
alias_method to reopen a class, override a method call and you can still use the original call. In order to maintain backward compatibility
alias_method are used in plugins, extensions, deprecating variables.
Alias_method can be used in Rails to define action with duplicated content and remove duplicated code.
Here the duplicated variant:
class UsersController < ApplicationController def home list end def find list end def search list end end
The DRY variant:
class UsersController < ApplicationController def home list end alias_method :find, :home alias_method :search, :home end