This article describes how you can configure your ack settings to search for additionals files. UPATE: Andy Lester, the author of ack, give me feedback about this article.
Recently I was working on a Rails project and was using Vim with the
:Ack <pattern> command to search after a certain
typed string “Übreschrift” and would like to replace it with the correct version “Überschrift”. I typed into the console
:Ack Übreschrift and I couldn’t find a single match. What went wrong?
Questions to answer
Why couldn’t I find the file with that content? Was I in the wrong directory? No:
$ pwd -> $HOME/git-repositories/brokenlifts
Did I used the wrong pattern? No, I searched after the right word “Übreschrift”. Did I used the wrong command? No, I
ack-grep in the terminal to search for other common words like test or string and could only find results in
.rb, .js files but not in
*.html.haml files. Tada, found the mistake,
ack is per default not configured to include
these very special file types. If your press
ack -f (thanks Andy Lester for this note) you
will get the output of all files ack will go through - and this command didn’t displayed
Solve problems .ackrc
I created the
$HOME/.ackrc and added the entries to include these special filename:
Now my search worked and I got hits in
*.html.haml files for searching the term “Übreschrift”.
Since I’m working with Rails there are other file types like
sass, erb, less, scss, .. I would like to include into the search:
--type-add html=.html.erb,.html.haml,.haml --type-add css=.sass,.less,.scss
And there might be directories I don’t want to have in my search path. Let’s ignore them and speed up our search:
# ignore certain file types --type-set=ignorables=.log,.tmp,.pdf # ignore whole directories --ignore-dir=vendor --ignore-dir=log --ignore-dir=tmp --ignore-dir=doc --ignore-dir=coverage
If you would like to see the specified files for your grep environment search, use
ack --help types - this will
print all information you need. Here is an example:
$ ack --help types => --[no]actionscript .as .mxml --[no]ada .ada .adb .ads --[no]asm .asm .s --[no]batch .bat .cmd --[no]binary Binary files, as defined by Perl's -B op (default: off) --[no]cc .c .h .xs --[no]cfmx .cfc .cfm .cfml --[no]cpp .cpp .cc .cxx .m .hpp .hh .h .hxx --[no]csharp .cs --[no]css .css .sass .less .scss --[no]elisp .el --[no]erlang .erl .hrl --[no]fortran .f .f77 .f90 .f95 .f03 .for .ftn .fpp --[no]haskell .hs .lhs --[no]hh .h --[no]html .htm .html .shtml .xhtml .html.erb .html.haml .haml --[no]ignorables .log .tmp .pdf ...